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Forex Glossary

A - H C - E F - L M - Q R - S T - Y


Take-Profit Order An order to automatically liquidate a position if the exchange rate reaches a specified level. Take profit orders are typically used to lock-in profit.
Technical Analysis

Studying charts that display the historic behavior of market data/statistics (price open, high, low and close, volume, open interest, etc.) in order to forecast future performance.

Tick A price movement.

A natural or legal person who sells and buys currencies or securities or in the market.

Trading Buying and selling currencies, securities or goods on a short-term basis for obtaining profit.
Trading Session

A continuous period of time during which trading operations are run.

Transaction Cost The cost of buying or selling a financial instrument.
Trend A prevailing price movement direction. Ascending tops and bottoms form an uptrend, descending – a downtrend.

The total money value of all executed transactions in a given time period; usually daily or yearly.

Two-Way Price When both a bid and offer rate is quoted for a FX transaction.


Uptick A new price quote at a price higher than the preceding quote.
Uptrend Prices increase accompanied by a number of ascending maximums and minimums.
Unrealized and Realized P/L Unrealized P/L is the amount of profit or loss that is held in current open positions. If one were to clear all open positions, then this amount would be added to the Realized P/L amount. Realized P/L is equal to the value in an investor/speculators balance minus the amount of funds he/she has transferred into the account.The departments and processes related to the settlement of financial transactions.


Value Date The date on which counterparts to a financial transaction agree to settle their respective obligations, i.e., exchanging payments. For spot currency transactions, the value date is normally two business days forward. Also known as maturity date.
Variation Margin Funds a broker must request from the client to have the required margin deposited. The term usually refers to additional funds that must be deposited as a result of unfavorable price movements.
Volatility A statistical measure of a market or a security’s price movements over time and is calculated by using standard deviation. Associated with high volatility is a high degree of risk.


Weighted Moving Average

A sliding average, during calculation of which every price value is given a certain weight. Usually the last indicator is allocated the bigger weight.

Whipsaw Slang for a condition of a highly volatile market where a sharp price movement is quickly followed by a sharp reversal.


Yard Slang for a billion.


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